Mas Coll is a house with great historical value, of the largest and most notable of Roses, documented since the seventeenth century, although some of its elements are about previous centuries
It is located in a ravine near the Trencada laugh between them Arenes Road and the road from Roses to Cadaques. It is next to the Torre del Sastre, one of the most emblematic buildings Roses.
The property is located entirely in the town of Roses, near the road to Cadaques, in the eastern part of the Sierra de Rodes, within the Cap de Creus.
Mas Coll history goes back to s. XVII, namely the 1679, year of the first written reference we have of the house, although it already existed under another name (more Roig). For thirteen generations Coll family dedicated to the culture of the Mediterranean trilogy: olives, vines and wheat. Over time, cereal cultivation was abandoned, although wine and oil have always been part of the reality of this farm, a fact corroborated by the oil mill s. XIX which is still in the house and 43 hectares of vines and olive trees surrounding the house.
Mas Coll is a fortified farmhouse has three floors. Low, currently hosting facilities Coll de Roses - Wine Family Museum, were the area reserved to the cellar, oil mill and stables. In the two upper floors had articulated family rooms around a large room and adjacent thereto, stays of tenant farmers. The roof is hipped and in the center is a square tower pool, a watchtower. To the right is a polygonal tower that was used for deposit. 1773, near the farmhouse a chapel dedicated to St. Sebastian, which currently no remainder was built. In the Trencada laugh there was also a water mill.
The strategic location of Mas Coll has marked its history. Chances are, by the plant and the Roman remains found in the hamlet of les Arenes, an ancient Roman villa outside of s. II B.C., but it has not been able to confirm.
Mas Coll has always been an important reference for the town of Roses, either because it's the first landowner of the population, either because it was an important element of protection. In the s. XV, for example, the circular tower of the house was used as a lookout to warn of the arrival of pirates and a few centuries later, during the Civil War (1936-1939), many people took refuge in the ownership of the attacks air and sea.
The highlight of this estate was the late s. XIX, that was when he became one of the biggest farms of Alt Emporda.
The increase was due to good management Miquel Coll i Caritg, character involved in municipal politics and culture connoisseur of the vineyard who fought to eradicate phylloxera (1879). When the plague subsided, Coll i Caritg launched an ambitious policy of replanting with American strains.